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Citing Sources

This guide will explain the different citation styles and give you examples of both in-text and bibliographic citations.

What is Plagiarism?

Plagiarism is the act of passing off someone's thoughts, ideas, or creations as your own.

According to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology's (MIT)  Academic integrity at MIT: A handbook for students (2019), plagiarism "occurs when you use another's words, ideas, assertions, data, or figures and do not acknowledge that you have done so." While plagiarism may not seem like a big deal, it is. If you are accused of plagiarism, a report will be filed, and a hearing may be held. Depending on the situation and severity of the accusation, you could obtain a failing grade, and you could be put on academic probation or even be suspended. For more information about academic integrity at Xavier, check out the Academic Integrity Policy.

So, how do we make sure we don't plagiarize? When it doubt, cite!


For more information on plagiarism, visit the following sources:

Research Support: Avoiding Plagiarism (Duke University Library)

Plagiarism and How to Avoid it: Avoiding Plagiarism (King Abdullah University of Science and Technology)



What is Plagiarism? (n.d.). Retrieved from

What are Citations

We use citations to communicate information about our resources with our audience and other researchers. By citing our sources, we're letting our reader know that we're not claiming work that isn't ours. We're also giving them the information they need to find out more about these ideas should they be interested in learning more. Because of this, we want to make sure that our citations are as correct as possible to help researchers retrieve the information we're discussing as quickly as possible.



Avoiding Plagiarism - Cite Your Source (n.d.). Retrieved from